Sleeve gastrectomy is one of the latest advancements in weight loss surgery.
Sometimes referred to as gastric sleeve surgery or vertical sleeve gastrectomy, this bariatric procedure is one of multiple weight loss options provided by Dr. Jamokay Taylor in Ypsilanti and Saginaw, MI.
What is a Sleeve Gastrectomy?
During a sleeve gastrectomy, about 85 percent of the stomach is removed. The outer curvature of the stomach is extracted, leaving a smaller portion in the shape of a tube or sleeve. This remaining sleeve is sealed with staples and the original opening of the stomach and the original connection to the small intestine are left unchanged
A sleeve gastrectomy is performed laparoscopically using several small incisions instead of one large incision. The surgeon uses a viewing tube affixed with a small camera and light to see inside the abdomen, and small surgical instruments to remove and staple the stomach.
Sleeve gastrectomy promotes weight loss by reducing the amount of food that can be eaten. It also reduces the amount of hunger hormones that can be produced by the stomach, which often makes it easier for patients to practice portion control and avoid snacking.
What to Expect After Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery
A one-to-two night hospital stay should be expected with a sleeve gastrectomy. Immediately after surgery, you may experience some discomfort and swelling in the abdomen. In most cases this can be treated with pain relievers.
After your initial recovery, you will need to make permanent lifestyle changes, including:
- Exercising regularly.
- Eating slowly and chewing thoroughly
- Consuming small amounts of food at a time
- Learning to cope with emotions without using food
Results and Benefits of Sleeve Gastrectomy
Sleeve gastrectomy can promote significant weight loss. Although individual results will vary, people who have this weight loss surgery may lose an average of 50 to 70 percent of their excess body weight after surgery.*
Like other weight loss surgeries, a sleeve gastrectomy can also help resolve health complications associated with obesity, including:
- Type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Sleep apnea
Sleeve gastrectomy is a restrictive weight loss technique. However, unlike other restrictive surgeries such as gastric banding, the sleeve gastrectomy does not require periodic adjustments after surgery. Other benefits of the sleeve gastrectomy are:
- Reduced risk of infection
- No foreign objects in the body
- Reduced risk of vitamin deficiencies
Risks & Complications for Sleeve Gastrectomy
There are always risks associated with major surgery. Some of the risks associated with sleeve gastrectomy include:
- Leaking of the sleeve
- Blood clots
Should You Choose Sleeve Gastrectomy?
Every weight loss surgery has specific benefits and risks. A consultation with Dr. Taylor can help you assess your options by addressing your individual goals, lifestyle challenges, and current health.
*Sleeve Gastrectomy as bariatric Procedure
*Lee WJ, Chong K, Ser KH, et al. Gastric bypass vs sleeve gastrectomy for type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Surg 2011;146:143– 8.